A healthy smile can be one of the most important messages that you give to the world. When you or your child gains the confidence to smile, it can be a significant step towards boosting self-esteem. By now your dentist probably has discussed with you the benefits of having healthy teeth and proper jaw alignment. Crooked and crowded teeth are hard to clean and maintain. This may result in tooth decay, gum disease, and ultimately can even lead to tooth loss. Other orthodontic problems can contribute to abnormal wear of tooth surfaces, inefficient chewing function, excessive stress on gum tissue and the bone that supports the teeth, or misalignment of the jaw joints. These can cause you to experience chronic headaches and face or neck pain. Treatment by an orthodontist is often less costly than the cost of restorative dental care that may develop in later years.
When a person's teeth or jaws do not fit properly together, orthodontic treatment may be necessary to correct these problems and promote ideal function. These bad bites, which are commonly called malocclusions, can cause premature wear of the teeth and enamel, speech problems and may increase the chance of injury to the teeth and/or jaw joints if left untreated.
Crowding occurs when teeth do not have proper room to erupt from the jaws. Crowding can often be corrected by expansion and most often removal of teeth can be avoided.
An openbite occurs when the top and bottom front teeth do not touch. Proper chewing is typically impacted by this type of bite and may cause adverse effects to the gums, premature wear of the back teeth and TMJ (jaw joints) concerns.
When vertical overlap of the upper and lower front teeth is excessive it can lead to significant wear of the front teeth and gums. This places excess pressure on the TMJs (jaw joints).
The upper lateral incisors are the commonly missing teeth causing dramatic cosmetic and functional concerns. Orthodontic treatment can open space for future prosthetic replacement of these missing front teeth.
Lower teeth protruding over the front teeth create a condition called underbite. This can lead to damage of the teeth, gums and jaw joints.
Spacing problems may be caused by missing teeth or teeth that are smaller than average.
Unfavourable angulations of unerupted teeth can limit their ability to erupt normally into the mouth. Impacted teeth can also become infected, cystic and even damage adjacent teeth.