Common Treatments

When a person's teeth or jaws do not fit properly together, orthodontic treatment may be necessary to correct these problems and promote ideal function. These poor bites, which are commonly called malocclusions, can cause premature wear of the teeth and enamel, speech problems and may increase the chance of injury to the teeth and/or jaw joints if left untreated.


Crowding occurs when teeth do not have proper room to erupt from the jaws. Crowding can often be corrected by expansion and most often removal of teeth can be avoided.


An openbite occurs when the top and bottom teeth do not touch. Proper chewing is typically impacted by this type of bite and may cause adverse effects to the gums, premature wear of the back teeth and TMJ (jaw joints) concerns.

Deep Overbite

When vertical overlap of the upper and lower front teeth is excessive it can lead to significant wear of the front teeth and gums. This places excess pressure on the TMJs (jaw joints).


Lower teeth protruding over the front teeth create a condition called underbite. This can lead to damage of the teeth, gums and jaw joints.

Spacing of Teeth

Spacing problems may be caused by missing teeth or teeth that are smaller than average.

Impacted Teeth

Unfavourable angulations of unerupted teeth can limit their ability to erupt normally into the mouth. Impacted teeth can also become infected, cystic and even damage adjacent teeth.